ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station
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NASA Gauges Plant Stress in Costa Rican Drought - Image Advisory

Costa Rica

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NASA's ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) has imaged the stress on Costa Rican vegetation caused by a massive regional drought that led the Central American nation's government to declare a state of emergency on July 23.

Parts of Costa Rica have received 75% less rainfall than normal in the drought, which is the result of abnormal weather patterns accompanying an El Niño that began in November 2018. The drought’s effects were already visible to ECOSTRESS in February 2019, as the image shows.

Launched to the International Space Station in June 2018, ECOSTRESS measures the temperature of plants as they heat up when they run out of water. A key benefit of the instrument, in addition to providing information on surface temperature and plant water use, is its ability to detect droughts as they stress plants.

In Costa Rica, more intense drought conditions — shown in red colors in this image — are centered on the province of Guanacaste, part of a Central American tropical dry forest region called the Dry Corridor that is particularly sensitive to droughts. Normally very cloudy, Guanacaste had few clouds (appearing in light gray) when ECOSTRESS acquired this image.

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UVA researchers looking to study climate change with help from the ISS

UVA doctoral students Jake Malcomb and Linnea Saby

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UVA doctoral students Jake Malcomb and Linnea Saby plan to study the effects of climate change in Shenandoah National Park with help from the International Space Station. (Photo by Cody Huff, DSI Multimedia Producer)

Full Story:  https://news.virginia.edu/content/researchers-look-join-nasa-program-track-climate-change-impact-parks-trees

ECOSTRESS Captures European Heat Wave

European Heat Wave 

These maps of four European cities show ECOSTRESS surface temperature images acquired in the early mornings of June 27 and 28, 2019, during a heatwave. The images have been sharpened to delineate key features such as airports. Airports and city centers are hotter than surrounding regions because they have more surfaces that retain heat (asphalt, concrete, etc.).

Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Europe's massive heat wave is on its way out — and it's leaving a slew of broken temperature records in its wake. Many countries were gripped by temperatures above 104 Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) between June 26 and June 30. According to the World Meteorological Organization, June 2019 is now the hottest month on record for the continent as a whole.

NASA's Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) measures Earth's surface temperature from the International Space Station at different times of day. Although its primary objective is to monitor the health of plants, ECOSTRESS can also detect heat events such as the one much of Europe just experienced.  Read More

ScienceCast, Sweating Can Be Cool

NASA's ECOSTRESS mission is studying how plants sweat, providing detailed measurements of plant temperatures from space.

Direct link to this episode:
https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/sciencecasts/sweating-can-be-cool

Visit the NASA ScienceCasts page for all ways to view and download ScienceCasts:
http://sciencecasts.nasa.gov

Feel free to view this episode as the feature video on the Science@NASA YouTube channel:
http://www.youtube.com/user/ScienceAtNASA

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https://www.facebook.com/NASAScienceCast/

@NASAScienceCast on Twitter:
https://twitter.com/NASAScienceCast/

ECOSTRESS Maps LA's Hot Spots

ECOSTRESS captured new imagery of variations in surface-temperature patterns in Los Angeles County.

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

September 18, 2018

FEATURE: 2018-217

NASA's ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) captured new imagery of variations in surface-temperature patterns in Los Angeles County. The first of its kind to be taken by one of the agency's newest Earth-observing mission, it is more detailed than previous imagery and, unlike prior imagery, was acquired at different times of the day.
LA scene

ECOSTRESS measures surface temperature -- the temperature you would feel if you touched the surface of something -- rather than the air temperature typically reported by weather stations. The images were acquired throughout the day between July 22 and Aug. 14 during an extended period of high temperatures in the Los Angeles area.

Cooler temperatures appear in blue, and warmer temperatures are shown in red. In the image taken July 22 at 4:07 a.m., the hottest (reddest) areas are dark asphalt surfaces that are unshaded during the day and remain warm throughout the night. They include freeways, airports, oil refineries and parking lots. The cool (blue) areas are clouds and higher-elevation mountainous regions (dark blue).  ...Read More

LA heat area

New NASA Mission to Detect Plant Water Use from Space

Doctors learn a lot about their patients’ health by taking their temperature. An elevated temperature, or fever, can be a sign of illness. The same goes for plants, but their temperatures on a global scale are harder to measure than the temperatures of individual people. 

That’s about to change, thanks to a new NASA instrument that soon will be installed on the International Space Station called ECOSTRESS, or ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station. ECOSTRESS will measure the temperature of plants from space. This will enable researchers to determine plant water use and to study how drought conditions affect plant health. .... Read More

NASA’s ‘Space Botanist’ Observes California, Nevada Wildfires

ECOSTRESS has captured new imagery of three wildfires burning in California and Nevada.

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

August 2, 2018

FEATURE: 2018-185

NASA’s Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) has captured new imagery of three wildfires burning in California and Nevada -- the first image of its kind to be taken by the agency’s newest Earth-observing mission.

Main Fire scene

ECOSTRESS’ primary mission is to detect plant health by monitoring Earth’s surface temperature from the vantage point of the International Space Station. However, it can also detect other heat-related phenomenon -- like heat waves, volcanoes and fires.

The new image, acquired on July 28, captures three wildfires -- the Carr and Whaleback fires in California, and the Perry Fire in Nevada. Surface temperatures above 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) are shown in red, highlighting the burning areas along the fire fronts. Zooming in on the Carr and Perry fires shows the heat data in more detail, and also the very distinct smoke plumes the fires are producing. The measurements have a ground resolution of nearly 77 yards by 77 yards (70 meters by 70 meters) ...Read More

Carr Fire

Perry Fire

NASA’s 'Space Botanist' Gathers First Data

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

July 23, 2018

NEWS RELEASE: 2018-172

Just days after its successful installation on the International Space Station, NASA's newest Earth-observing mission, the ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS), has collected its first science data on Earth’s surface temperature.

First Light

ECOSTRESS acquired this image the night of July 9 over Egypt. Yellow and red indicate generally higher temperatures. The River Nile is visible as a thin blue line on the main image. The black-and-white inset shows the level of detail available from ECOSTRESS, with the relatively cool Nile River and surrounding vegetation appearing darker. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

ECOSTRESS will measure the temperature of plants from space, enabling researchers to determine how much water plants use and to study how droughts affect plant health. ...Read More

ECOSTRESS Successfully Installed on Space Station

Updated at 11 a.m. PDT on July 6, 2018. 

NASA’s ECOSTRESS was removed from the Dragon spacecraft and robotically installed on the exterior of the space station's Japanese Experiment Module -Exposed Facility (JEM-EF) late Thursday, July 5. Functional testing is expected to begin next week.... Read More

ECOSTRESS on JEM-EF

SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft -- with NASA’s ECOSTRESS in tow

Three days after its launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, the SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft -- with NASA’s ECOSTRESS in tow -- was installed on the Earth-facing side of the International Space Station’s Harmony module at 6:52 a.m. PDT (9:52 a.m. EDT) on Monday, July 2. 

ECOSTRESS will be taken off the Dragon spacecraft and robotically installed on the exterior of the station's Japanese Experiment Module Exposed Facility Unit on Thursday night/Friday morning. Read More

ECOSTRESS Launches to Space Station on SpaceX Mission

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

June 29, 2018

FEATURE: 2018-155

An Earth science instrument built by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and experiments investigating cellular biology and artificial intelligence, are among the research heading to the International Space Station following Friday’s launch of a NASA-contracted SpaceX Dragon spacecraft at 5:42 a.m. EDT.

Dragon lifted off on a Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida with more than 5,900 pounds of research, equipment, cargo and supplies that will support dozens of investigations aboard the space station. ...Read More

Four Other Things ECOSTRESS Can See

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

June 28, 2018

FEATURE: 2018-152

NASA's Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) is designed to study how plants respond to heat and water stress by measuring the temperature of Earth's vegetation at all times of day with an accuracy of a few tenths of a degree.

Unusual heat can be a warning sign of important changes and concerns in many fields of research besides botany. Here are four other areas where ECOSTRESS's precise temperature measurements could make a difference...Read More

Watching Plants' Water Use Is No Sweat for ECOSTRESS

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIF. 91109   PHONE 818-354-5011

June 25, 2018

FEATURE: 2018-146

When you're working outside on a hot day, you probably have trouble staying hydrated. Heat affects how plants work just as it affects how you work. How plants respond to today's warming world is one of the key science questions NASA's new Ecosystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) mission aims to answer....Read More

SpaceX CRS-15 Briefings and Events

MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE
JET PROPULSION LABORATORY
CALTECH
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
PASADENA, CALIFORNIA 91109
PHONE 818-354-5011

ADVISORY: 2018-145b

NASA commercial cargo provider SpaceX is targeting no earlier than 2:42 a.m. PDT (5:42 a.m. EDT) Friday, June 29, for the launch of its 15th resupply mission to the International Space Station. The cargo includes ECOSTRESS, developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. ECOSTRESS measures the temperature of plants to better understand how much water plants need and how they respond to stress.

Live coverage will begin on NASA Television and the agency's website Thursday, June 28, with prelaunch events....Read More

ECOSTRESS Among Science Payloads on Next Space Station Mission - 12June2018

A new batch of science is headed to the International Space Stationaboard the SpaceX Dragon on the company's 15th mission for commercial resupply services, scheduled for launch June 29 from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.... Read More

A7 ECOSTRESS Full Proposal Due April 23, 2019

This amendment to the ROSES-18 solicitation provides a new proposal due date for program element A.7 ECOSTRESS Science Team

NASA launched the ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) instrument to the International Space Station (ISS) on June 29, 2018. This program element solicits proposals for membership on the ECOSTRESS Science and Applications Team. This team supports both basic research and analysis activities as well as applied research and applications activities associated with the production, validation, and utilization of ECOSTRESS data products. 

Because important ECOSTRESS data sets were not available during the partial government shutdown, the proposal due date for this program element has been delayed to April 23, 2019. Notices of Intent are still requested by February 27, 2019.

On or about February 12, 2019, this Amendment to the NASA Research Announcement "Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES) 2018" (NNH18ZDA001N) will be posted on the NASA research opportunity homepage at http://nspires.nasaprs.com/ and will appear on the RSS feed at: https://science.nasa.gov/researchers/sara/grant-solicitations/roses-2018/

 

Questions concerning this program element should be directed to Woody Turner at woody.turner@nasa.gov.

 

Artificial Intelligence, Cancer Therapy and Chemical Gardens Aboard SpaceX Dragon for Station Resupply Mission

and ECOSTRESS! A new batch of science is headed to the International Space Station aboard the SpaceX Dragon on the company’s 15th mission for commercial resupply services. The spacecraft will deliver science that studies the use of artificial intelligence, plant water use all over the planet, gut health in space, more efficient drug development and the formation of inorganic structures without the influence of Earth’s gravity.

Farmers irrigating their crops may get help from space

Newswise — Farmers irrigating their crops may soon be getting some help from space.  In 2018, scientists launched ECOSTRESS, a new instrument now attached to the International Space Station.  Its mission: to gather data on how plants use water across the world.

The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) helps scientists answer three broad questions:

  • How do plants respond to drought?
  • What’s happening with plants’ water use over the course of a day?
  • Can vulnerability to drought be reduced through more monitoring?

See Full News Article

Linking Managed and Natural Ecosystems Through Evapotranspiration and NASA’s Upcoming ECOSTRESS Mission

As global temperature and water availability changes become more extreme, how can we precisely track the effects of these changes on plant life? ECOSTRESS may provide the answer.

Link to Earthzine Article  Spater et al. 2017

NASA Administrator highlights ECOSTRESS at World Ag Expo

World Ag Expo is the world's largest annual agricultural exposition. More than 1,500 exhibitors display the latest in farm equipment, communications and technology on 2.6 million square feet of exhibit space. Free seminars focus on a variety of topics important to dairy producers, farmers, ranchers and agribusiness professionals. World Ag Expo is a can't miss show for anyone in ag.

World Agriculture Expo 2019  |  Link to Tweet   |  Link to Video  ECOSTRESS highlighted at about minute 28!

 

NASA Media Advisory M18-047

NASA to Preview Upcoming US Spacewalk, Provide Live Coverage

Expedition 55 Flight Engineers Drew Feustel and Ricky Arnold will don spacesuits and exit the station’s Quest airlock about 8:10 a.m. March 29 to begin the 209th spacewalk in support of space station assembly, maintenance and upgrades. 

They will install wireless communications equipment on the station’s Tranquility module to enhance payload data processing for the ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) experiment being flown to the station on a future SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft.   Read More...

Solicitation - NASA ROSES 2017 - ECOSTRESS Science Team

NASA ROSES 2017 ECOSTRESS Science Team

This program element will seek proposals for membership on the ECOSTRESS Science Team. The focus of these proposals will likely be utilization of ECOSTRESS Level 2 (Surface Temperature and Emissivity), Level 3 (Evapotranspiration), and/or Level 4 (Water Use Efficiency and Evaporative Stress Index) data products for basic and applied research of importance to Earth system science. However, the solicitation will likely also be open to the production of alternative data products to those produced by funding to the ECOSTRESS Principal Investigator team. In addition, it will likely support proposals for enhanced calibration/validation activities that may be important for some classes of mission products.

Nature manuscript (June 22, 2017, Vol 1/0194): ISS observations offer insights into plant function

In 2018 technologies on the International Space Station will provide ∼1 year of synchronous observations of ecosystem composition, structure and function. We discuss these instruments and how they can be used to constrain global models and improve our understanding of the current state of terrestrial ecosystems.

Instruments discussed include ECOSTRESS, OCO-3, GEDI, HISUI.  

Link to manuscript

IGARSS 2017: ECOSTRESS - a NASA instrument studying links between water cycle and plant health

Presenter:  Glynn Hulley
Authors: Glynn Hulley, Simon Hook, Joshua Fisher, Christine Lee
Paper 2981: ECOSTRESS, A NASA EARTH-VENTURES INSTRUMENT FOR STUDYING LINKS BETWEEN THE WATER CYCLE AND PLANT HEALTH OVER THE DIURNAL CYCLE
Paper Identifier: FR1.L6.1
Session: FR1.L6 - Advances in Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technology for Sustainable Water Resource Management I
Presentation Type: Oral
Session Location: Room 202 CD
Session Time: Friday, July 28, 08:00 - 09:40
Paper Presentation Time: Friday, July 28, 08:00 - 08:20
Session Chair: Yufang Jin, yujin@ucdavis.edu

Water Resources Research article April 2017: The future of ET

Fisher et al. 2017

The fate of the terrestrial biosphere is highly uncertain given recent and projected changes in climate. This is especially acute for impacts associated with changes in drought frequency and intensity on the distribution and timing of water availability. The development of effective adaptation strategies for these emerging threats to food and water security are compromised by limitations in our understanding of how natural and managed ecosystems are responding to changing hydrological and climatological regimes. This information gap is exacerbated by insufficient monitoring capabilities from local to global scales. Here, we describe how evapotranspiration (ET) represents the key variable in linking ecosystem functioning, carbon and climate feedbacks, agricultural management, and water resources, and highlight both the outstanding science and applications questions and the actions, especially from a space-based perspective, necessary to advance them.

 

Link to manuscript

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